“When it comes to colors, people are not that confident to make a decision. Constantly as house painter we are asked for paint and color advises, for both exterior and interior painting project, that applies to color only. Customer in general are not bothered with the paint type and paint brands.” – Goldenland House Painters.
While I try not to give much color advice when we paint for customer’s house, but in terms of paint, if the customer are really keen to know the technical specification side of the story,
YES, you are totally right. Do not spend much time to learn the difference, focus on your colors.
Exterior Colors: For exterior use, unassuming color combinations are best. Keep colors soft and simple. Such combinations as orange and blue or purple and yellow look great on a color wheel, and contrast each other wonderfully on an artist’s canvas. But we would venture to say that they would look shocking on your siding and trim.
The trick when painting outdoors is to avoid the dollhouse effect, something that looks shiny and plastic and unreal. Look for colors that are relaxing and easy on the eyes.
The architectural style of a home often can be a guide in making color choices. A saltbox looks its most rustic with naturally weathered shingles and white trim. A New England colonial can be painted a variety of dull, flat colors to good advantage dark red, brown, grey, pale white, and forest green, along with trim painted glossy light grey, white, or cream. Barns look best when painted red or white or allowed to naturally weather. Brick houses are very becoming when painted white or not painted at all. Concrete walls and foundations wear most every color well. The key here is to complement the architectural style by highlighting the natural tones and textures of the construction materials as well as the hues of the surrounding environment.
The greater the contrast a color creates, the more attention it draws to itself. Some homes have exotic or exciting features that deserve to be high-lighted; a distinctive color can draw attention to them. By painting an house all one color, you also can purposefully downplay an uninteresting or outright unattractive feature; this helps to unify the inconsistent design and materials of a house that has acquired various additions over the years.
We tend to have traditional ideas about colors for exterior clapboard, shingles, and masonry. Interior surfaces, however, seem to invite color experimentation. That’s primarily because most indoor materials are manufactured, and we don’t think of them as having to be a certain hue. Things such as drywall, plaster, and decorative wood moldings have no implicit color restrictions. So when choosing interior colors, let your imagination and mood be your principal guides. Light colors make a room look airy and large; dark colors pull the ceiling down and the walls in. So if you have a small room, you can use pastel blues and creams to stave off the feeling of claustrophobia. Unusually large rooms will feel more intimate if painted a dark burgundy or grey or red, this shrinking effect is very useful when you don’t yet have enough furniture for the room!
Remember the sun. Natural lighting affects the way colors work. In most of the United States, a room with a southern exposure that is, its windows face south, gets sunlight all day. A room with a northern exposure rarely gets any direct sunlight through the windows. A southeastern exposure brings in lots of sunlight in the morning, while a western exposure gets afternoon sun and great sunsets. Therefore, a light peach color will look darker in a room with a northern exposure than in one with a southern exposure, and a color that enlivens a bright room may fall short of achieving the same effect in a darker room. Northern rooms typically need lighter colors to compensate for their lack of natural sunlight.
Two-tone color schemes can play visual tricks to your advantage. For example, if you put white paint on the walls and ceilings and grey paint on the ceiling molding, doors, and windows, you set up an optical illusion: the grey makes the white look whiter, while the white makes the grey look darker. Keep this in mind when choosing color schemes.
Brands of Paint
All painters have their favorite paints. To make it simple Goldenland only use Dulux and Resene. Stick with name brands. Companies that specialize in coatings and adhesives have a large investment in their reputations, and go to great lengths to maintain product quality. Consider that painting is a labor-intensive job. Why go through all of that work with a cut-rate paint and risk having to watch the house fade or surface flake in a year’s time? An excellent job requires excellent craftsmanship and excellent materials.
We prime wooden surfaces with an oil-based paint only. Oil primers seal wood much better and create a sounder base for the finish coat than do latex paints. And a final coat of oil paint seems to hold up better in regions with great fluctuations in temperature. In recent years, however, latex paints have become much more durable and long-lasting; what’s more, environmental regulations have purged oil paints of traditional strengthening compounds such as lead. So, a quality exterior latex paint certainly is a good choice for final coats.
We do not paint over glossy surfaces unless they have been lightly sanded by hand. The rough surface allows the new coat of paint to adhere to the surface.
Here is a general guideline on where to use paints of various levels of glossiness. Flat paint is typically applied to walls and ceilings other than bathrooms, kitchens, and other areas exposed to moisture, shutters, sidings, and trim boards. Semi gloss paint is suited to bathroom and kitchen ceilings and walls, shutters, trim boards, doors, windows, and moldings. And glossy enamels work well on bathroom and kitchen ceilings and walls, trim boards, doors, and moldings.
Other Finishes: The clear finishes described below polyurethane, shellac, lacquer, and varnish, should never be applied to siding or trim. Preservatives may be applied to bare unstained or unpainted siding and trim. Do not use any of these over paint or solid or semi-solid stain. Nor should paint or stain be applied over them, unless the clear finish has been completely stripped.
Interior Stains: Your hardware store will have a large assortment of wood stains for fine wood, floors, and furniture that add a tint, such as shades of redwood, walnut, maple, oak, or rosewood, while letting the wood grain show through. These are oil-based products similar to semi-solid and solid wood stains, but with less pigment.
Exterior Stains: You have two choices in exterior siding stain: solid stain and semi-solid stain. These terms refer to levels of color pigment: semi-solid stains tint the surface but do not hide the wood grain; solid stains have more pigment and give the siding a finish that looks more like paint. Because of their higher pigment content, solid stains hold their color longer and are slower to fade under sun and rain. You apply these stains just like paint: with a brush and a bucket, using the brushing techniques noted in this book.
When staining siding and trim, use only oil-based stains. Because your goal is to protect the wood from water and rot, oil stain is the only effective solution. Oil repels water. Once an oil film is placed over a surface, the film becomes a water-resistant shield. Latex stains, on the other hand, have a water-based vehicle and thus contain no oil to repel water, making it easy for moisture to seep through. Furthermore, once a latex stain has been applied, future oil stain applications won’t completely penetrate to the underlying wood.
“Our insights into choosing the right colors and problems to avoid when it comes to paint color options.“-Goldenland
Painting a room is the least inexpensive way to decorate a room or a complete interior. Selecting colors for your home interior can be quite a daunting task. To help you decide here are some tips that will surely help.
Color on walls can set the mood for a room. If it is large room, consider painting it a brighter color or warmer color. If it’s a small room a good choice would be a cool color, since it gives the feeling of making the walls stand out. You can set the mood, by using colors such as gray, which can create tranquility. Greenish blue can be restful. However, beauty is in the eye of the beholder, so choose according to your own feelings.
One approach we recommend is avoid to envision your house like an artwork. Here are some more tips: One important thing is to generate continuity throughout your home using only one or two colors. Once that is done, you now can add an accent color on a wall or two. This allows you to blend the right accent color into your theme color, which you used to establish continuity throughout your house from the beginning.
Paint Color Charts – A Word of Caution
If you don’t take your time by making sure you have a color that looks good on location, you could be setting yourself up for “color heartache” or in plain English, a big disappointment. Take your time shopping the color, and be safe rather than sorry. See how the samples look on your walls at different times of the day, and make sure you are happy with your new color before painting.
- How else can I avoid the dreaded “color heartache”
When you find that special color, try to find other very close shades of the color, from lighter to darker. You can usually find them easily on swatches that have your color and varying colors that are closely related. This gives you more of a chance to find that special color within that spectrum when you take the color samples home. At home pin the color samples next to a window and in a darker area. This affords you the opportunity to view your color in different lights of the day or night. This helps you make your final decision. Take a day or two to see if you like what you see as the colors change throughout the day and evening.
- “Is there anything else I can do to make sure?”
The wet test is next, which is actually the best way to test your color but it may cost you a sample can and it’s easy to do. Buy a quart or smaller amount of the color you have fallen in love with, and make sure it is mixed into the sheen you will want on your walls.
- Remember to take your time shopping your color. Allow a day or two to pass and view your color during different times of the day and night. Then you get a complete perspective. Now you’re ready to give this color the thumbs up or thumbs down. All paint stores tell you that the actual sample color can vary.
Many people have a misconception that in older homes or in open layout designs that bright or bold colors are a no-no. It can actually help accentuate various areas of your home and gives it a very dramatic look. Finding that perfect color for any area of your home is simply a matter of experimenting with test strips along with knowing what your personal preferences are. Do not be afraid to use in any area of your home. Every type of interior from Queen Anne to Colonial Revival has had an affinity and appreciation for rich color. You want the interior finish to last for at least five years, so you need to make sure you pick out a color scheme that you can be happy with. At $25 per gallon or more it can get expensive to change your mind at the last minute. It is best to take your time and make sure that you’re comfortable that the final decision before you start coding the walls.
The Basics of finding that perfect color.
When it comes time to paint the interior of your home how do you pick the color? Walking into a paint store can seem very confusing. There are so many choices, even though there are really only seven colors of paint. The rest are just a mixture and finding the right one for you can seem intimidating.
First you need to consider exactly how drastic a change you want to make. If you want something that makes a very dramatic statement when someone walks in the room then you are going to be looking for unusual colors, or a mix of colors in the room. This is something that you need to carefully plan out before you even decide on a particular color.
Take a look around at any furnishings that you have, pictures on the wall or other objects of color and consider whether that would be the right color for you. Hold the object up against the wall, check in various lighting and asked the opinions of others that live in the home
or from good friends or family. Take this object with you, if possible, and try to find a match for it on a test strip. This test strip will have at least two other similar colors, but they will be off by a shade or two. You can use the slight variances in color to consider in decorating the room. For example, you can get furniture coverings, pillows or throws that are similar to the colors as the other shades offered on the test strip.
Now you have to consider whether the color you choose is something that you can tolerate looking at the after day, year after year. When you’re at the paint store and looking at test strips you need to really concentrate on the bottom, or darker end of the color spectrum. If that is a color that seems suitable to you, any of them down in the center of the strip should be fine. If you concentrate on looking at the lighter end of the spectrum, or the top of the test strip, all of the colors will start looking the same.
You also need to consider what type of final finish you want. The satin paint, or egg shell give a softer feel to the room, but they are not washable. High-gloss finishes are washable, but they tend to show any imperfections on the wall. You can always try alternating one wall with satin and one with high-gloss. It gives a very warm and almost velvety look to the room. You should still use at least semi -gloss on any of the doorways as they will collect dirt and it will be easier to keep them clean.
With the price of paint you really don’t want to make a major color mistake. Its best to take your time and make sure that you’re comfortable with the choice. If it seems like it’s going to be a major color change buy a small portion of the paint and try a little area first. Always use a good primer before you do any major color change. Without the primer parts of the other color bleed through. You won’t get the true color that you saw on the test strip without properly priming the wall. Try and follow the 60-30-10% rule. When it comes to color in a room 60% should come from the wall, 30% from the furniture the following 10% from the little knick-knacks and pictures that you have scattered around the room.
Picking Exterior Colors
When it comes to choosing an exterior paint quality and durability are probably going to be the highest things on your list of priorities. You want to make sure that the exterior is aesthetically pleasing to both you and the neighbors that have to live around you. The first thing to consider is whether you have a particular brick colored chimney or surround and what color would complement those features of your home. Another consideration is the landscaping. If you have a lot of gardens that produce a lot of colorful flowers then you might want to go with a more colorful scheme for the exterior of your home. It is also a good thing to take a look at the neighborhood and see what the general scheme of exterior color is. You do not want to be the only person on the block with a bright pink house. There will probably be other things to consider when it comes to the natural environment around your home. If there are a lot of rocks you might want to go with a more natural earth tone.
How hot is it where you live? Darker colors are going to retain heat. It’s much better to go with a lighter color scheme if you live in really warm climates. It will help keep the interior of your home cooler. Remember that on larger surfaces, like the exterior of your home, whatever color you choose will end up looking lighter upon application. Choose a shade darker to ensure that you get the right color that you were seeking. If you bring a sample pallet home then make sure you check out the color against the house in an area that is not being hit by direct sunlight. The sun shining on the sample will wash out the color. If you’re planning to paint a historical home check with the local historical society and they can give you an idea of the best color schemes for homes from your particular era.
“Colour reflects who we are and who we aspire to be.Its expressive, fun, creative,complimentary and always conversational.”– Dulux
- Influenced by the modern New Zealand landscape, these bold tones and striking accent colours are guaranteed to give your home a contemporary look.
- Immerse yourself in the tranquil colours of the seaside. Blues and greens, balance against sandy neutrals to create a cool, laid-back ambience.
- Whether you own a classic Californian bungalow or a grand Victorian villa, our range of heritage colours will help bring out its natural charm.
- Dulux collection of weatherboard colours provide a cool, crisp palette designed to complement the best of outdoor living.
- The canvas for timeless exterior style, this palette helps to bring harmony to any design: lush gardens, or modern courtyards, the options are endless.
- Nothing evokes richness and warmth like chocolate browns. In a range of hues, chocolate is always popular, making it an inspired choice for a wide variety of house styles.
- Conjuring up images of the most sophisticated homes, greys have an enduring sense of style and provide the perfect backdrop for whites or accent colours.
A path to perfect colour
Get excited about colour! Explore this brochure, dulux.co.nz or the Dulux Colour App for helpful tools, advice and inspiration.
Consult the Dulux Colour Wall instore to build your perfect palette and grab as many colour swatches as you need.
Buy a Dulux Colour Sampler and test your favourite colours at home to get the most accurate example of the final result.
- Select your interior paint product
Paint Usage Calculator
As a rule of thumb, use 1 gallon of paint for every 350 square feet. Count on a little less coverage if you’re painting straight on to unpainted drywall, as it is absorbent. Also count on more paint for touch-ups, spills and second coats. Buying paint is an art, not a science! That said, here’s how to get rough calculations: Length: L….Height: H….Divide: /
L x H – 20 sq. ft. for each door / 350 = number of gallons to buy
Ll x L2 / 350 = number of gallons to buy
# of doors x 20 (sq. ft. per door) / 350 = number of gallons to buy
Insider Buying Tips
If you’re walking into a paint or hardware store, picking something off the shelf and heading straight to the register, you’re probably paying too much, as most people do. The most obvious is to wait for a sale or promotion, but no one I know plans their house projects based on store promotions, so try a few of the following tips.
Stores like Bunnings and Dulux’s have savings schemes and credit cards that allow you to get discounts even without sales. Bunnings has a credit card that gives 5% off every purchase. These cards can be paid off and immediately discarded if you like. Home Depot offers up to 6 lines of credit usually, and the starting bonus applies to every line of credit you open. Bunnings Warehouse will match the Dulux’s 5% offer as well, but you have to ask for it.
Bulk orders are cheaper than smaller amounts, so if you have rental properties, painting them all the same color and buying 5 gallon buckets is the way to go.
Reject paint is the cheapest way to go, and its my favorite for painting a garage, possibly the exterior, tree house, or anything that you don’t have to be exact on the color. Reject does not mean that anything is wrong with the paint. Ask Home Depot, Lowe’s, or any other paint sellers about their “oops” stash or rejected paints. They usually have them in stock because some bozo called in an order for a specific tint, they mixed the paint, and it never got picked up. There might have also been a bucket that had a small spill or dent in the can. However the paint got to the reject section, it is not because it is bad. Check to make sure it is the quality and type you want, and that there is enough of the color to finish the job before you commit.
“Used” paint is an overlooked way to get cheap paint. This is paint that was bought, and maybe partially used, but the majority of it was not used for some reason or another. At any Dulux trade center in Auckland, NZ there are two massive pallet-loads of unused 5 gallon buckets of quality exterior paint that were donated by a major local contractor. There is also a half-aisle full of shelves of partly used 1-gallon buckets. This is a great choice for saving money on trim paint, which you don’t need to buy a whole bucket of.
Contractors discount or bulk discount is great, and can often get you 30% off your order. If you are a rental property manager or own multiple homes, it would be worth always buying at one place for this discount, but if not, that doesn’t exclude you from benefiting. I have invested in rental properties and have a contractor that works for me often. Whenever I buy paint, I use his discount. I always bought the paint at a high quality brand store, and using his phone number to get the discount, I paid less than I would for mid-quality paint at major hardware store chains. Don’t go cold-calling professional painters for their discount code, but see if any of your friends have some kind of bulk discount you could take advantage of.
Tips for Real Estate Investors
New paint can drastically decrease time your rental property spends vacant, and will surely cause your flip to sell faster. I’ve been renting houses for a couple years, but have learned from the wisdom and experience of a few people who have done it efficiently for years.
Any experienced real estate investor or property manager who deals in low to mid value homes will tell you to use one solid color, either white or a near-white, and use semi gloss paint for everything. Baseboards, ceiling, bathroom, kitchen, everything. Semi-gloss paint is not what you want to paint your house with, as it does not give the warmest feel, but it does give everything the appearance of being very clean, and does clean up easily.
Between tenants you can assess whether the house needs touch-up paint or a whole new coat. Semi-gloss paint cleans up nicely, and most scuffs can be scrubbed off. It also does not absorb smells as much as flat paint. In any case, you will have one specific brand, type and color for all your houses, and will use the paint you already have in stock for touch-ups. This saves so much time and money.
My recommendation if you do not have many homes and a little extra time on your hands is to invest in a spray gun and paint all the homes yourself. This is the biggest way to save money that I have found. It doesn’t take an expert or much time with a sprayer. And if you’re only spraying white on white, you aren’t wasting time taping off trim and baseboards. If you are a very smart investor, you already have tile floors throughout most of the house, which cleans up very nicely if paint spills.
Safety, Storage and Disposal
Solvent or oil-based paints should be avoided inside the house because of their fumes and toxicity. Water-based paints are a better option since they are safer and dry up quicker. If you have to use solvents and oil paints on a particular surface, and then make sure the room has plenty of fresh airflow. Fans positioned at doorways help airflow, as well as opening all windows. Wear proper eye protection, gloves and face mask when dealing with solvents and paints to reduce chances of exposure to harsh chemicals.
When using ladders, test the ladder before climbing up with paint supplies. Some ladders come with hooks for hanging paint cans, so make sure all hooks are tight and sturdy. If you are attaching the hook yourself, then do it very firmly and test the weight of your paint can on it. Check the evenness of the ground before climbing up and adhere to safety instructions posted on the rungs. Never stand on the highest rung of the ladder.
Proper cleaning and storage of painting equipment can ensure their long life. The brushes and rollers will need to be rinsed with either water or solvent according to paint type. Let them dry before storing them in a cool dry place. The spray gun will need the most thorough cleaning of all tools. Carefully follow directions found in the manual, as not every sprayer is the same. You will need an extra bucket of water to clean the sprayer. Allow the parts to dry before you put them back together and then keep in a safe place.
Leftover paint can be stored in their original cans. Hammer the lid with a rubber mallet to ensure a good seal and to not damage the lid. If no mallet is available, place a wooden stir stick on top of the lid and use a normal hammer on top of it. If not closed correctly, a hard film will form over the top. Keep out of reach of children and pets.
Never pour leftover paints and solvents down the drain or dump them in the waste because these are considered contaminants and will cause health hazards. Paint hardener can be found at most hardware stores. This is a chemical you can pour into the can and it solidifies the paint, making it safe to throw away.
- Runs: Caused by over application of paint. Follow prep-steps again and repaint.
- Wrinkles: Caused by too thick of an application. Follow prep-steps again and repaint.
- Paint doesn’t dry: Caused by cheap paint. Upgrade your paint, follow prep-steps again and repaint.
- Alligator: If paint shrinks into smaller bits like an alligator’s skin, then either the paints used are incompatible or the previous coat was not dry enough. Follow prep-steps again and repaint.
- Rusted metallic features: Caused by moisture. If rusting nail heads and gutters are sealed insufficiently, then the rust is bound to spread and cause damage to your home’s siding. To undo the damage, you have to seal rusting nail heads with rust-resistant sealer and paint entire surface. This is easily spot- treated with a rust-transforming spray paint. Consult “Various surfaces” section. Prime with metal primer after the spray has sufficiently dried, and paint with metal paint.
- Peeling: Caused by temperature fluctuations, wet wood, and dirty surfaces. What you can do is scrape, sand, prime and repaint. In order to improve ventilation, install siding vents outside and exhaust fans inside.
- Blistering: Caused by painting over a moist, dirty, or incompatible surface. Follow prep-steps again and repaint. Leave adequate time for the first coat to dry, and don’t paint on a very humid day!
- Chalking: Caused by low quality paint or porous undercoat. Wash surface with water hose (it will look like milk by the time it reaches the bottom of your wall) and allow it to dry completely before repainting with quality paint.
- Mildew: Caused by moisture. Scrub with chlorine bleach or fungicide and let dry. To make sure it does not appear again, repaint with mildew-resistant formula. Trim tree branches and shrubs, in direct contact with the surface, as they may be the cause of mildew.
- Lap Marks: Caused by failure to keep a wet edge. Repaint using previously mentioned techniques to avoid this. Always keep a wet edge. Higher quality paints help avoid lap marks.
How to Calculate the Amount of Paint
For example, we have four walls in your room; we would measure the length and the height of one wall to obtain the square footage of one wall. Next 4 walls x the square footage of one wall equals the total square footage of the room.
Here’s an example using an 8 feet high x10 feet long wall. (8×10= 80 sq. ft.). Next 4 walls x 80 square feet =320 total square feet of the room’s wall surface for painting. Adjust it if needed. For example if you have 5 walls then it would be 5×80 to obtain the square footage of the room walls.
To get the ceiling square footage, just measure your width of the room times the length, and Walla, you have the ceiling square footage total (sq.ft.). 10 foot length x 12 foot width = 120 square feet of ceiling to be painted.
A gallon of paint usually covers 300 sq ft per gallon. In the case 320 square footage, divide on gallon or 300 square feet into 320 square feet. It equals 1. 2. It means it will take over a gallon of paint to cover with one coat. You need to buy one gallon and 1 quart of paint at least. I would recommend you buy 2 gallons, leaving plenty of paint for future touch ups and for the second coat.